Kitap Açık Erişim

İsmâilîlik ve Neoplatonizm: Ebû Ya'kûb es-Sicistânî Örneği

Sansarkan, Yusuf


JSON-LD (schema.org)

{
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "@id": 252221, 
  "@type": "Book", 
  "contributor": [
    {
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7825-6573", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "affiliation": "Ankara Y\u0131ld\u0131r\u0131m Beyaz\u0131t \u00dcniversitesi", 
      "name": "Demir, Abdullah"
    }
  ], 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8010-4173", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "affiliation": "K\u00fctahya Dumlup\u0131nar \u00dcniversitesi", 
      "name": "Sansarkan, Yusuf"
    }
  ], 
  "datePublished": "2023-01-07", 
  "description": "<p>Bu &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fma Eb&ucirc; Ya&lsquo;k&ucirc;b es-Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu g&ouml;r&uuml;\u015flerini, Plotinus&#39;un d&uuml;\u015f&uuml;nceleriyle kar\u015f\u0131la\u015ft\u0131rmal\u0131 olarak ele almaktad\u0131r. 4./10. y&uuml;zy\u0131lda ya\u015fayan Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;, \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc;li\u011fin Horasan-M&acirc;ver&acirc;&uuml;nnehir d&acirc;&icirc;lerindendir. Zikredilen d&ouml;nemde d&acirc;&icirc;lerin fikirlerini yayabildi\u011fi ve entelekt&uuml;el d&uuml;\u015f&uuml;nceler geli\u015ftirdi\u011fi b&ouml;lgede, \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc;lerin g&uuml;&ccedil; kazand\u0131\u011f\u0131, baz\u0131 devlet adamlar\u0131n\u0131n onlara destek verdi\u011fi g&ouml;zlenmektedir. Bu geli\u015fim, Muhammed b. Ahmed en-Nesef&icirc; ve Eb&ucirc; H&acirc;tim er-R&acirc;z&icirc; gibi d&acirc;&icirc;lerin Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;ye hat\u0131r\u0131 say\u0131l\u0131r bir miras b\u0131rakmas\u0131n\u0131 sa\u011flam\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. &Ouml;te yandan yine bu d&ouml;nemde, mistik &ouml;geler bar\u0131nd\u0131ran \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc;lik Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu etkilerle bir felsef&icirc; d&ouml;n&uuml;\u015f&uuml;m ge&ccedil;irmi\u015ftir. S&ouml;z konusu d&ouml;n&uuml;\u015f&uuml;m&uuml;n mimarlar\u0131 Muhammed b. Ahmed en-Nesef&icirc; ve &ouml;\u011frencisi Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;dir. Nesef&icirc;&#39;nin eserleri g&uuml;n&uuml;m&uuml;ze ula\u015fmad\u0131\u011f\u0131ndan, Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc;li\u011fin izleri, Sicist&acirc;n&icirc; &uuml;zerinden s&uuml;r&uuml;lmektedir. Bu &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fman\u0131n amac\u0131, \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc; d&uuml;\u015f&uuml;ncedeki Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu etkilerin g&uuml;n y&uuml;z&uuml;ne &ccedil;\u0131kar\u0131lma &ccedil;abalar\u0131na bir katk\u0131 sunmakt\u0131r. Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin eserlerindeki Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu &ouml;gelere odaklanan &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fma, Plotinus&#39;tan yo\u011fun etkiler bar\u0131nd\u0131ran Tanr\u0131 ve &acirc;lem g&ouml;r&uuml;\u015fleriyle s\u0131n\u0131rland\u0131r\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. &Ccedil;al\u0131\u015fma giri\u015f ve &uuml;&ccedil; b&ouml;l&uuml;mden olu\u015fmaktad\u0131r. Giri\u015f b&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml;n&uuml;n ilk k\u0131sm\u0131 metodolojik &ccedil;er&ccedil;eveye ayr\u0131lm\u0131\u015f, &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fman\u0131n konusu, amac\u0131, s\u0131n\u0131rlar\u0131, y&ouml;ntemi ve &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fmada kullan\u0131lan baz\u0131 terimlere de\u011finilmi\u015ftir. Ara\u015ft\u0131rman\u0131n kaynaklar\u0131 ve Sicist&acirc;n&icirc; hakk\u0131ndaki literat&uuml;r de\u011ferlendirilmesi de bu k\u0131s\u0131mda yap\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Giri\u015f b&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml;n&uuml;n ikinci k\u0131sm\u0131, Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin hayat\u0131, halefi-selefi d&acirc;&icirc;ler ve eserlerine ayr\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Ayr\u0131ca bu k\u0131s\u0131mda Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin d&uuml;\u015f&uuml;nce d&uuml;nyas\u0131ndaki Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu etkiler genel hatlar\u0131yla &ouml;zetlenmeye &ccedil;al\u0131\u015f\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Birinci b&ouml;l&uuml;m Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin Tanr\u0131 anlay\u0131\u015f\u0131na ayr\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Tenzihin a\u015f\u0131r\u0131 bir &ouml;rne\u011fini sergileyen m&uuml;ellifin g&ouml;r&uuml;\u015fleri Plotinus&#39;un benzer g&ouml;r&uuml;\u015fleriyle kar\u015f\u0131la\u015ft\u0131r\u0131lm\u0131\u015f, aradaki benzerlik ve farkl\u0131l\u0131klar tespit edilmeye &ccedil;al\u0131\u015f\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Bu b&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml;n ilk yar\u0131s\u0131nda, Tanr\u0131&#39;n\u0131n tan\u0131mlanamazl\u0131\u011f\u0131na odaklan\u0131lm\u0131\u015f, ona atfedilen baz\u0131 kavramlar\u0131n reddine de\u011finilmi\u015f ve benzeri g&ouml;r&uuml;lmemi\u015f bir tenzih anlay\u0131\u015f\u0131 olan ikili tenzihe, di\u011fer ad\u0131yla nefyin nefyine yer ayr\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. B&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml;n ikinci yar\u0131s\u0131, Tanr\u0131&#39;y\u0131 tan\u0131mlanamaz kabul etmelerine ra\u011fmen Sicist&acirc;n&icirc; ve Plotinus&#39;un onun hakk\u0131nda konu\u015fmas\u0131 ba\u011flam\u0131nda, ona yak\u0131\u015ft\u0131r\u0131lan baz\u0131 kavramlar\u0131 ve kullan\u0131m bi&ccedil;imlerini irdelemi\u015ftir. \u0130kinci b&ouml;l&uuml;m Tanr\u0131 &acirc;lem ili\u015fkisi, &acirc;lemin olu\u015fumu ve ruhan&icirc; &acirc;lem k\u0131s\u0131mlar\u0131ndan olu\u015fmaktad\u0131r. Bu b&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml;n ilk k\u0131sm\u0131, &acirc;lemi ezel&icirc; kabul eden Plotinus&#39;un sud&ucirc;r teorisiyle &acirc;lemin yoktan yarat\u0131ld\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 dile getiren Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin savundu\u011fu Emr d&uuml;\u015f&uuml;ncesinin kar\u015f\u0131la\u015ft\u0131r\u0131lmas\u0131na ayr\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Plotinus&#39;un aksine Tanr\u0131&#39;n\u0131n illet oldu\u011funu reddeden Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;de Emr&#39;in varl\u0131\u011fa nas\u0131l illet oldu\u011fu ve ilk varl\u0131k olan Akl&#39;\u0131n yarat\u0131l\u0131\u015f\u0131 bu k\u0131s\u0131mda ele al\u0131nm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. B&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml;n ikinci k\u0131sm\u0131nda ruhan&icirc; &acirc;lem ve onu olu\u015fturan Ak\u0131l ve Nefs&#39;in detaylar\u0131 incelenmi\u015ftir. Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin &acirc;lem anlay\u0131\u015f\u0131nda merkez noktada bulunan Akl&#39;\u0131n nas\u0131l bir varl\u0131k oldu\u011fu, kapsay\u0131c\u0131l\u0131\u011f\u0131, yarat\u0131cl\u0131\u011f\u0131, Nefs&#39;le ger&ccedil;ekle\u015ftirdi\u011fi izdiva&ccedil;, Nefs&#39;in ondan fayda almas\u0131 ve ald\u0131\u011f\u0131 faydalarla cisman&icirc; &acirc;lemi y&ouml;netmesi, bu k\u0131s\u0131mda detayland\u0131r\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. &Ccedil;al\u0131\u015fman\u0131n &uuml;&ccedil;&uuml;nc&uuml; b&ouml;l&uuml;m&uuml; cisman&icirc; &acirc;leme, &ouml;gelerine ve &ouml;gelerinden biri olan insana tahsis edilmi\u015ftir. \u0130lk k\u0131s\u0131mda Nefs&#39;in hemen alt\u0131nda ba\u015flad\u0131\u011f\u0131 ve feleklerle &ccedil;evrili oldu\u011funa inan\u0131lan cisman&icirc; &acirc;lemin bile\u015fenleri olan madde, suret, felekler ve bunlarla ortaya &ccedil;\u0131kan hareket ve zamana de\u011finilmi\u015ftir. \u0130kinci k\u0131s\u0131mda Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin k&uuml;&ccedil;&uuml;k &acirc;lem dedi\u011fi insan ele al\u0131nm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Bu ba\u011flamda Plotinus ve Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;de &ouml;nemli bir yer tutan, insan\u0131n ruhan&icirc; &acirc;lemle ili\u015fkini sa\u011flayan c&uuml;z&rsquo;i nefs, \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc;lerin meleklerin yerine koydu\u011fu Cedd, Feth ve Hayal ele al\u0131nm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Plotinus&#39;ta kar\u015f\u0131l\u0131\u011f\u0131 olmamakla birlikte insan bahsinin alt\u0131nda ele al\u0131nmas\u0131 gereken n&uuml;b&uuml;vvet, \u0130sm&acirc;il&icirc; devir anlay\u0131\u015f\u0131, imamet, gelmesi beklenen mehd&icirc; ve \u015feriat\u0131n kald\u0131r\u0131lmas\u0131 konular\u0131yla &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fman\u0131n g&ouml;vdesi tamamlanm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;&#39;nin eserlerindeki Yeni Efl&acirc;tuncu etkileri ortaya &ccedil;\u0131karmak amac\u0131yla haz\u0131rlanan &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fma, m&uuml;ellifin ad\u0131 ge&ccedil;en felsef&icirc; ekolden b&uuml;y&uuml;k &ouml;l&ccedil;&uuml;de etkilendi\u011fi, bunlar\u0131 eserlerinde yans\u0131tt\u0131\u011f\u0131 sonucuna ula\u015fm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Bir&ccedil;ok konuda Plotinus&#39;a sad\u0131k kalan Sicist&acirc;n&icirc;, yoktan yaratma bahsinde ondan ayr\u0131lsa da &acirc;lemin ikiye ayr\u0131lmas\u0131, sud&ucirc;r hiyerar\u015fisi ve insan nefsi konular\u0131nda Plotinus&#39;la ayn\u0131 do\u011frultuda yol alm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.</p>", 
  "identifier": 252221, 
  "inLanguage": {
    "@type": "Language", 
    "alternateName": "tur", 
    "name": "Turkish"
  }, 
  "keywords": [
    "\u0130slam", 
    "\u0130slam Mezhepleri Tarihi", 
    "\u0130sm\u00e2il\u00eelik", 
    "Yeni Efl\u00e2tunculuk", 
    "Eb\u00fb Ya'k\u00fbb es-Sicist\u00e2n\u00ee", 
    "Sicist\u00e2n\u00ee", 
    "Plotinus", 
    "Tanr\u0131", 
    "\u00c2lem"
  ], 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/", 
  "name": "\u0130sm\u00e2il\u00eelik ve Neoplatonizm: Eb\u00fb Ya'k\u00fbb es-Sicist\u00e2n\u00ee \u00d6rne\u011fi", 
  "sameAs": [
    "https://doi.org/10.55709/okuokutyayinlari.31", 
    "https://yayin.okuokut.org/okuokut/catalog/book/31"
  ], 
  "url": "https://aperta.ulakbim.gov.tr/record/252221"
}
34
26
görüntülenme
indirilme
Görüntülenme 34
İndirme 26
Veri hacmi 104.8 MB
Tekil görüntülenme 31
Tekil indirme 24

Alıntı yap