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Yeni Gerçekçilik ve Türk Sinemasında Gerçekçilik

Yılmaz, Hasan Ramazan


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{
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "@id": 228082, 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4880-7949", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "affiliation": "Yeditepe \u00dcniversitesi", 
      "name": "Y\u0131lmaz, Hasan Ramazan"
    }
  ], 
  "datePublished": "2011-07-17", 
  "description": "<p><strong>&Ouml;ZET</strong></p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Sinemay\u0131 varolu\u015fu itibariyle bir sanat olarak s\u0131n\u0131fland\u0131ran, &ouml;zel tarihsel ba\u011flamlar\u0131 i&ccedil;indeyse bir &ldquo;toplumsal sanat&rdquo; olarak de\u011ferlendiren iki sinema ak\u0131m\u0131; \u0130talyan Yeni Ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;ili\u011fi ve Toplumsal Ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;i T\u00fcrk Sinemas\u0131 ele al\u0131narak, ak\u0131mlar\u0131n sinema g&ouml;r\u00fcnt\u00fcs\u00fcn\u00fcn g&ouml;stergebilimsel s\u0131n\u0131fland\u0131rmalar\u0131ndan &ldquo;belirtisel g&ouml;sterge&rdquo; fonksiyonuyla paralel olan yap\u0131lar\u0131 incelenmi\u015ftir. Sanatta ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;ilik, sinema teorisinde ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;ilik ve bi&ccedil;imcilik tart\u0131\u015fmalar\u0131n\u0131n de\u011ferlendirildi\u011fi &ccedil;al\u0131\u015fmada, &ldquo;ulusal&rdquo; sinemalar olarak \u0130talyan ve T\u00fcrk sinemalar\u0131n\u0131n geli\u015fim s\u00fcre&ccedil;leri incelenerek ak\u0131mlar\u0131n olu\u015fumlar\u0131na etkileri tespit edilmek istenmi\u015ftir. \u0130ki ak\u0131m\u0131n i&ccedil;erik, film dili ve esteti\u011fi ba\u011flam\u0131ndaki niteliklerinin, &ldquo;ger&ccedil;e\u011fin ortaya &ccedil;\u0131kar\u0131lmas\u0131&rdquo; y&ouml;n\u00fcndeki sinematografik yakla\u015f\u0131m\u0131 merkeze alma &ccedil;abalar\u0131yla olan uyumlar\u0131 &ouml;nemli tespitler aras\u0131ndad\u0131r. &Ccedil;al\u0131\u015fma, &ouml;zellikle Yeni Ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;ilik&rsquo;te kendini g&ouml;steren, anaak\u0131m klasik-ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;i film dilinden ayr\u0131\u015farak i&ccedil;erik ve film dili ba\u011flam\u0131nda kurulan &ouml;zg\u00fcn yap\u0131n\u0131n, sinema g&ouml;r\u00fcnt\u00fcs\u00fcn\u00fcn belirtisel g&ouml;sterge fonksiyonu do\u011frultusunda ortaya &ccedil;\u0131k\u0131\u015f\u0131na yo\u011funla\u015fmaktad\u0131r.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Anahtar Kelimeler:</strong> Yeni Ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;ilik, Toplumsal Ger&ccedil;ek&ccedil;ilik, Belirtisel G&ouml;sterge, Sinema, Sanat</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This study investigates two cinema movements which categorize cinema existentially as an art and in consideration of special historical concept as a social art. Italian Neo-realism&rsquo;s and Social Realist Turkish cinema&rsquo;s parallel structure with &ldquo;index sign&rdquo; function of semiotic categorization of cinematic image was discussed. Realism in art, realism and formalism in film theories has been evaluated. As national cinemas, Italian and Turkish cinemas&rsquo; effects in the being processes of movements has been detected. The accordance between cinematographic approach of &ldquo;discovering reality&rdquo; and the characters of content, film language and aesthetic in two movements are signed one of the important detections. The study focuses two major cases, one of them is the original structure that especially shows itself in Neo-realism and was build in context of cinematic content, film language and the second one is the &ldquo;index sign&rdquo; function of cinematic image which is in the being processes of this original structure.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Neo Realism, Social Realism, Index Sign, Cinema, Art</p>", 
  "headline": "Yeni Ger\u00e7ek\u00e7ilik ve T\u00fcrk Sinemas\u0131nda Ger\u00e7ek\u00e7ilik", 
  "identifier": 228082, 
  "image": "https://aperta.ulakbim.gov.tr/static/img/logo/aperta_logo_with_icon.svg", 
  "keywords": [
    "Yeni Ger\u00e7ek\u00e7ilik", 
    "Toplumsal Ger\u00e7ek\u00e7ilik", 
    "Belirtisel G\u00f6sterge", 
    "Sinema", 
    "Sanat"
  ], 
  "license": "http://www.opendefinition.org/licenses/cc-by-sa", 
  "name": "Yeni Ger\u00e7ek\u00e7ilik ve T\u00fcrk Sinemas\u0131nda Ger\u00e7ek\u00e7ilik", 
  "url": "https://aperta.ulakbim.gov.tr//record/228082"
}
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