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Literature Review: Profile of Publications for the Patients with Stoma in Turkey

   Fatma Vural; Emel Sutsunbuloglu; Deniz Selimen

Aim: The aim of this literature review is to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate research and publications on patients with stoma in Turkey and to contribute and improve the quality of care for patients with stoma by shedding light on new studies. Method: Dokuz Eylül University electronic data base (n=71), ULAKBİM (Turkish Academic Network and Information Center), Pubmed, Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Google Scholar, congress websites, accessible conference/symposium books and reference lists of articles were searched online. Results: Two hundred and seventy-eight studies (between January 1981 and January 2016) were reached. These studies were 54% (n=100) research articles, 14% (n=27) thesis, 15% (n=28) review articles, 14% (n=27) case reports and 3% (n=6) qualitative research; Rate of studies being published in international journals was 7% (n=20). More than half, 65% (n=182) of the studies were in the form of full/summary text. Descriptive (retrospective, prospective, cross-sectional) research articles made up 80% (n=80), ampirical articles made up 8% (n=8) and methodological research made up 6% (n=6) of research articles; 58% (n=19) of the thesis was of master’s, 11% (n=3) was of expertise in medicine, 18% (n=5) was PhD thesis; 15% (n=6) of thesis was published in a journal. It was found that out of 107 studies that were presented at the congress 71% (n=76) was original research, 18% (n=19) was case report and 9% (n=11) was review. Studies were on stoma complications (17%), life quality (12%), stoma surgery techniques and comparison of effectiveness (10%), patient follow-up results (6%), sexuality (6%), patient experience (4%), adaptation to ostomy (4%), body image (4%), self-esteem (3%), nurse/patient knowledge level about ostomy care (3%). Conclusion: It was seen that most of the studies were descriptive and on stoma complications and quality of life. Morever, the ratio of publications published in international journals were low. More interventional studies should be conducted on adaptation to life with stoma for the patients in Turkey; these studies should be presented in congress and published in national/international journals.

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