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Effects of early water stress on grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) growing in cv. Syrah

Korkutal, İlknur; Bahar, Elman; Carbonneau, Alain


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    <subfield code="a">Effects of early water stress on grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) growing in cv. Syrah</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Early water deficit</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Vitis vinifera L.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Vegetative development</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Water deficit is a major issue in grapevine production. The purpose of this research was to&amp;nbsp;identify the effects of early water stress on the growing and yield of grapevine. The research was&amp;nbsp;performed in SupAgro/INRA in Montpellier using the ECOTRON System, France. Syrah/SO4 graft&amp;nbsp;combination was used as a plant material. 7 years old and potted grapevines were grown/kept in natural&amp;nbsp;vineyard conditions. A completely randomized block design was used: WS0 (control) 0; -0.2 MPa, WS1 -0.2; -0.4 MPa, WS2 -0.4; -0.6 MPa, and WS3 -0.6; -0.8 MPa respectively. The limitation of water was&amp;nbsp;started the 15th of May in the 17th E-L stage and ended about the 15th of June in the 27th E-L stage.&amp;nbsp;Analysis of variance was performed on the agronomic data using the MSTAT-C. Means were separated&amp;nbsp;using the LSD test (P &amp;lt; 0.01). It was determined that there was a reduction in vegetative growth. Also the&amp;nbsp;predawn leaf water potential results showed differences between the irrigation levels. These results&amp;nbsp;indicated that the lowest &amp;Psi;pd in WS3 was -0.80 MPa. There was an approximately 55 cm difference&amp;nbsp;determined between the control and other groups in shoot lenghts. Besides that the average cluster weight&amp;nbsp;was reduced by about 41% and the yield by about 28% under the early water deficit conditions.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Carbonneau, Alain</subfield>
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